Florida’s history may be divided into the pre-Spanish period, up to 1513, the first Spanish Period, 1513-1763, the British Period, 1763-1784, the Second Spanish Period, 1784-1819, the American Government (pre-territorial) Period, July 10, 1821, to March 29, 1822, the Territorial Period, March 30, 1822, to March 2, 1845, and the Statehood Period from March 3, 1845, to the present. Very little postal history has come to light from the periods prior to 1821.
The Act of March 3, 1855, required that from and after January 1, 1856, all United States mail have postage stamps fixed by the writer or by the postmaster to reflect the pre-payment of postage. This date of January 1, 1856, marks the “official philatelic” end of U.S. “Stampless” markings are known well after this cut off date.
Dozens of named forts and camps were established in Florida (particularly during the Second Seminole War), but most of these were not designated as U.S. Post Offices. Mail from these camps and forts was usually carried to the nearest Post Office, and much of such mail bears the postmarks of Jacksonville, St. Augustine, Tallahassee, Tampa, and Savannah, Ga. Some of the forts which were Post Offices during the war were discontinued after troops were withdrawn, and some which were not post offices were established as such after the war.
Excerpt from “Florida Stampless Postal History 1763-1861”
May 10, 1825 This day the County Court for the County of Gadsden has met agreeable to its appointment for the purpose of receiving of the report of the commissioners appointed for the purpose of selecting the county sight for the County of Gadsden. Present his Honor David L. White, Presiding Judge, Collin Wooten and Jason Gregory, Associate judges. Henry Yonge, M. Nicholson and Hezekiah Wilder the three commissioners appointed on notice of an Act of the Legislative Council passed the 29th day of December, A. D. 1824 having this day reported to us as directed by said Act that they have selected the Northwest quarter of Section number seven township No. Two and 3rd range N&W, It is therefore received and acknowledged by this Court to be in conformity with the said Act passed 29th day of December A. D. 1824 and shall be considered as constituting hereafter the seat of Justice for the County aforesaid until otherwise provided for by law. It is ordered by the Court that the county surveyor proceed without delay to lay off a town on said quarter section under the direction of the Court and that he meet the Court on the site on Thursday the 26th instant for said purpose.
It is ordered by the Court that the clerk shall have printed one quire of advertisements of sale of lots which sale shall commence on Thursday the 7th day of July next at ten o’clock A.M. of said day and continue for three days if necessary and proposals will be received at any time during the sale for erecting a Court House and Goal and plans of which will be exhibited by the Court. The town at the County shall shall be called and known under the name of Quincy. Ordered that the County Treasurer pay unto David L. White, Jason Gregory and Collin Wooten the sum of four dollars and fifty cents each for three days service each to this. May 10th 1825 David L. White, Presiding Judge Jason Gregory, As. Judge, Collin Wooten, As. Judge Test: E. A. Robinson, Clk
Ordered by the Court that Dr. M. Nicholson be paid by the County Treasurer three dollars and Col. H. Yonge and Cap. H. Wilder two dollars each. May 10th 1825 David l. White, Pres. Judge Jason Gregory, As. Judge, Collin Wooten, As. Judge
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Notes & Currency
- 18__ Fernandina $3 Obsolete Note
- 1882 $50 Jacksonville Note Charter #3869
- 1902 $10 Punta Gorda Note Charter #10512
- 1882 $5 Palatka Note Charter #3223
- 1902 $5 Key West Note Charter #7942