PENSACOLA

 

The original inhabitants of the Pensacola Bay area were Native American peoples. At the time of European contact, a Muskogean-speaking tribe known to the Spanish as the Pensacola lived in the region. This name was not recorded until 1677, but the tribe appear to be the source of the name “Pensacola” for the bay and thence the city. Creek people, also Muskogean-speaking, came regularly from present-day southern Alabama to trade, so the peoples were part of a broader regional and even continental network of relations.

The best-known Pensacola Culture site in terms of archeology is the Bottle Creek site, a large site located 59 miles west of Pensacola north of Mobile, Alabama. This site has at least 18 large earthwork mounds; five of which are arranged around a central plaza. Its main occupation was from 1250CE to 1550. It was a ceremonial center for the Pensacola people, and a gateway to their society. This site would have had easy access by a dugout canoe, the main mode of transportation used by the Pensacola.

The area’s written recorded history begins in the 16th century, with documentation by Spanish explorers who were the first Europeans to reach the area. The expeditions of Pánfilo de Narváez in 1528 and Hernando de Soto in 1539 both visited Pensacola Bay, calling it the Bay of Ochuse.

In 1559, Tristán de Luna y Arellano landed with over 1,400 people on 11 ships from VeraCruz, Mexico. The expedition was to establish an outpost, called by de Luna Ochuse, as a base for Spanish efforts to colonize Santa Elena (present-day Parris Island, South Carolina.) But, the colony was decimated by a hurricane on September 19, 1559, which killed hundreds, sank five ships, grounded a caravel, and ruined supplies. The 1,000 survivors divided to relocate the settlement, but due to famine and attacks by the Pensacola, they abandoned their effort in 1561. About 240 people sailed to Santa Elena, but another storm hit there. Survivors abandoned the settlement and sailed to Cuba.The remaining 50 at Pensacola were taken back to Mexico. The Viceroy’s advisers concluded northwest Florida was too dangerous to settle, a view which stood for 135 years.

Source:Wikipedia

Bank of Pensacola (written dates of 1834 to 1840)

1840 $1 A Plate Note from Harley L. Freeman Collection

1840 $1 A Plate Note
ex.  Harley L. Freeman Collection  Signed by James Catlin, cashier and Hanson Kelly, president “Pro Tem”

1840 $1 B Plate Note

1840 $1 B Plate Note  Signed by President Thomas M. Blount

1840  $1 BB Plate Note

1840 $1 BB Plate Note Signed by Hanson Kelly as pres.

18__ Proof $1 B Plate Note

18__ Proof $1 B Plate Note

1840 $2 A Plate Note

1840 $2 A Plate Note

1837 $3 A Plate Note

1837 $3 A Plate Note  Signed by President Walter Gregory

1835 $5 B Plate Note

1835 $5 B Plate Note

18__ $10 A Plate Note

1834 $10 A Plate Note

18__ Proof $10 A Plate Note

18__ Proof $10 A Plate Note

1838 $20 A Plate Note

1838 $20 A Plate Note  Signed by president Wm. B. Rochester

1836 $100 Note

1836 $100 Note

 

The Bank of Pensacola was opened on November 28, 1833 and elected Walter Gregory for President while James Catlin was named as cashier. There were three different issues of currency released by the bank. The final announcement of the banks failure came in January of 1843. The Bank of Pensacola Issued currency dated March 10, 1840, April and May, and currency that was never tendered and payable on the Bank of the United States.  James Catlin signed as Cashier on all notes of the Bank of Pensacola.  The $1; $2; and $3 notes of this series are the only notes of the Bank on which it is possible to find the signature of each of the bank’s presidents who signed notes.  These me were: Walter Gregory, William B. Rochester, Thomas M. Blount, and Hanson Kelly who served as “President Pro Tem.” during the absence of President Blount.

Bank of Pensacola (written date of March 10, 1840)

 

1840 $1 B Plate Note

1840 $1 B Plate Note

18__ Proof $1 A Plate Note

18__ Proof $1 A Plate Note

1840 $2 A Plate Note

1840 $2 A Plate Note

1840 $3 A Plate Note

1840 $3 A Plate Note

18__ Proof $3 A Plate Note

18__ Proof $3 A Plate Note

 

18__ Proof $20 Note

18__ Proof $20 Note

Bank of Pensacola (dates of April and May 1840)

 

1840 $1 BB-B Plate Note

1840 $1 BB-B Plate Note

1840 $1 AA-A Plate Note

1840 $1 AA-A Plate Note

1840 $1 AA Plate Note

1840 $1 AA Plate Note

1840 $2 A Plate Note

1840 $2 A Plate Note

1840 $3 A Plate Note

1840 $3 A Plate Note

Bank of Pensacola, Payable To The Bank of The United States in New York (undated)

 

18__ $5 Partial Remainder Sheet

18__ $5 Partial Remainder Sheet

18__ $5 Partial Note

18__ $5 Partial Note

 

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$1,500 Bank of Pensacola Check (Endorsed to Lord & Taylor on reverse)                                                                 $1,500 Bank of Pensacola Check
(Endorsed to Lord & Taylor on reverse)

 

 

City of Pensacola(engraved date of October 20, 1837)

1837 Sailboat 6 1/4 Cent Note

1837 Sailboat 6 1/4 Cent Note

 

The First set of issued fractional currency by the City of Pensacola had the engraved dates of  October 20, 1837.  The Signature of the secretary is Micajah Crupper and  Hanson Kelly signed as  the Mayor of Pensacola.

City of Pensacola (engraved date of January 1, 1838)

1838 12.5 Cent Note

1838 12.5 Cent Note

 

The second  set of issued fractional currency by the City of Pensacola is dated  January 1, 1838, and is also signed by Micajah Crupper, Secretary and  Hanson Kelly, Mayor of Pensacola.

City of Pensacola (engraved date of December 2, 1839)

 

1839 Half Sheet (6.25 Cent, 12.5 Cent, and 25 Cent Notes)

1839 Half Sheet (6.25 Cent, 12.5 Cent, and 25 Cent Notes)

 

The third set of issued fractional currency by the City of Pensacola had engraved date of December 2, 1839.

City of Pensacola (engraved date of October 1, 1861)

1861 .25 Cent Note

1861 .25 Cent Note

 

The fouth set of fractional currency issud by the City of Pensacola during the Civil War was dated  October 1, 1861.  Notes were signed by C.H. Gingles, Mayor, and Maximo Posse Rioboo, Secretary.

City of Pensacola (engraved date of February 1, 1862)

1862 .50 Cent Note

1862 .50 Cent Note

 

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(2) Blocks of 4 uncut sheets of .50 Cent notes paired together creates old bonds on reverse (2) Blocks of 4 uncut sheets of .50 Cent notes paired together reveals previous bonds on reverse

 

The last set of issued fractional currency by the City of Pensacola, also issued during the Civil War was dated February 1, 1862.  Notes were signed by Mayors C.H. Gingles, Francis B. Bob, and J.B. Gormely.  Filo E. de la Rua countersigned as City Clerk.

United States Navy Yard (engraved date of January 4, 1838)

 

190_ American National Bank U.S. Navy Yard

190_ American National Bank U.S. Navy Yard
Paymaster’s Unissued Check

1838 Navy Yard $44 Check

1838 Navy Yard $44 Check

 

Created by Henry Etting on January 1, 1838, United States Navy Yard scrip was made. The 6 1/4 Cent Scrip is the only known denomination. Etting was transferred by the Navy in early 1839 and asked for all the scrip be returned.

Le Baron & Son (Mobile, ALA.), Pensacola (engraved date of December 15, 1861)

 

1861 .20 Cent Scrip, .25 Cent Scrip, .50 Cent Scrip, .75 Cent Scrip

1861 .20 Cent Scrip, .25 Cent Scrip, .50 Cent Scrip, .75 Cent Scrip

C.L. LeBaron & Son Draft Indicating their presence in Pensacola after the war.

C.L. LeBaron & Son Draft Indicating their presence in Pensacola after the war.

 

Fractional currency was issued by LeBaron & Sons and was dated December 15, 1861. The reason why the currency was issued is not completely known at this time.

Joseph Mitchell (evergreen, ALA.), Pensacola (engraved date of January 25, 1862)

Joseph Mitchell issued scrip in 10, 25, and 50 cent denominations.

1862 .10 Cent Scrip

1862 .10 Cent Scrip

 

PENSACOLA TRANSIT, INC.  Student ticket good for 10 rides, probably issued in the 1940’s.

Student Ticket Stub for Pensacola Transit

Student Ticket Stub for Pensacola Transit

 

Escambia County Area Transit

From Pensapedia, the Pensacola encyclopedia

Escambia County Area Transit, or ECAT, is the public transportation system of Escambia County.

The roots of ECAT date back to 1884 with public transportation systems like the Pensacola Street Car Company, the Pensacola Terminal Company and the Pensacola Electric Company. As mule-drawn buggies gave way to railcars and eventually buses, the system changed hands several times. In 1945, Pensacola Transit, Inc. purchased the transit system from the Gulf Power Company (the successor of the Pensacola Electric Company) and was itself purchased by the American Transit Corporation (ATC) in 1950.

As ridership declined in the 1950s and 60s, Pensacola Transit threatened to terminate service in December 1968. The City of Pensacola agreed to partial subsidies through June 1969, later extended. City government entered into an Interlocal Agreement with the Escambia County Board of County Commissioners in 1971 to support the transit system, which is still managed by the Pensacola Transit Division of ATC (now a part of multinational Veolia Environnement).

ECAT services 285 miles of routes, including more than 1,500 stops, providing 1.6 million annual passenger trips. The system owns 30 buses and employs around 125 people. The current fare is $1.50

ECAT also operates the Pensacola Beach Trolley, which provides free weekend transportation along Pensacola Beach during the summer season (from Memorial Day weekend through September).

 

Perdido Bay Lumber Co. (engraved date of October 1, 1874)

003004

25 cent Perdido Bay Lumber Co. (Unique Note)

The Perdido Bay Lumber Company began paying their employees with scrip dated October 1, 1874 following the Civil War. The scrip were redeemable only at a company store and were signed by the company president, Charles Courter.

First National Bank of Pensacola (2490)

 

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1875 Series $5 Note Charter #2490 1875 Series $5 Note
Charter #2490  Signed by J.S. Leonard, cashier and F.C. Brent, president

 

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1882 Brown Back $5 Note Charter #S2490 1882 Brown Back $5 Note
Charter #S2490  Signed by W.K. Hyers Jr., cashier and F.C. Brent, president

 

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1882 Brown Back $10 Note Charter #2490 1882 Brown Back $10 Note
Charter #2490  Signed by W.K. Hyers, Jr., cashier and F.C. Brent, president

 

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1882 Brown Back $20 Note Charter #2490 1882 Brown Back $20 Note
Charter #2490

 

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1882 Date Back $5 Note Charter #S2490 1882 Date Back $5 Note
Charter #S2490  Signed by W.J. Forbes, cashier and F.C. Brent, president

 

003 (4)

1882 Date Back $10 Note Charter #S2490 1882 Date Back $10 Note
Charter #S2490  Signed by W.J. Forbes, cashier and F.C. Brent, president

 

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1882 Date Back $20 Note Charter #S2490 1882 Date Back $20 Note
Charter #S2490  Signed by W.J. Forbes, cashier and W.K. Hyers, Jr. as president

 

A capital of only $50,000, a charter was approved on August 10, 1880 for the First National Bank of Pensacola. The bank was overseen by Daniel F. Sullivan who was elected President along with W.A.S. Wheeler, cashier. After several conspiracy indictments, First National announced its failure on May 19, 1915.

Citizens National Bank of Pensacola (4837)

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1882 Brown Back $10 Note Charter #S4837 1882 Brown Back $10 Note
Charter #S4837  Signed by R.M. Bushnell, cashier and T.E. Welles, Vice President

 

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1882 Brown Back $20 Note Charter #4837 1882 Brown Back $20 Note
Charter #4837  Signed by R.M. Bushnell, cashier and L. Hilton-Green, president

 

The Citizens National Bank of Pensacola was chartered on January 10, 1893 with $100,000 in capital. President of the bank was named L. Hilton-Green accompanied by John E. Maxwell, cashier. In order to speed up the merger with the Peoples National Bank, Citizens National was liquidated on September 6, 1911. 

American National Bank of Pensacola (5603)

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003

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1882 Brown Back $5 Note Charter #5603 1882 Brown Back $5 Note
Charter #5603  Signed by M.E. Clark, cashier and C.W. Lamar as president

 

007 (3)

1882 Brown Back $10 Note Charter #5603 1882 Brown Back $10 Note
Charter #5603

 

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1882 Brown Back $20 Note Charter #5603 1882 Brown Back $20 Note
Charter #5603  Signed by F.C. Horton, cashier and W.C. O’Neal, president

 

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1882 Date Back $5 Note Charter #5603 1882 Date Back $5 Note
Charter #5603  Signed by J.(James) C. Andrews, cashier and J.G. Pace, president for only 1 year.

 

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1882 Date Back $10 Note Charter #5603 1882 Date Back $10 Note
Charter #5603  Signed by C.(Charles) W. Lamar, cashier and E.R. Malone, president

 

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1882 Value Back $5 Note Charter #5603 1882 Value Back $5 Note
Charter #5603 C.W. Lamar, cashier and E.R. Malone, president.  Finest known Value Back note on the State of Floirda

1902 Plain Back $10 Note Charter #5603

1902 Plain Back $10 Note
Charter #5603  Engraved sigs. of C.W. Lamar, cashier and E.R. Malone, president

1902 Plain Back $20 Note Charter #5603

1902 Plain Back $20 Note
Charter #5603  Engraved sigs. of J.(James) W. Andrews, cashier and E.R. Malone, president

1929 Type 1 $10 Note Charter #5603

1929 Type 1 $10 Note
Charter #5603  Printed sigs. of J.W. Andrews, cashier and E.R. Malone, president

1929 Type 1 $20 Note Charter #5603

1929 Type 1 $20 Note
Charter #5603

1929 Type 1 $20 Note Serial# 5603 Charter #5603 (Matching Serial & Charter Numbers)

1929 Type 1 $20 Note
Serial# 5603 Charter #5603
(Matching Serial & Charter Numbers)

1929 Type 2 $10 Note Charter #5603

1929 Type 2 $10 Note
Charter #5603

1929 Type 2 $20 Note Charter #5603

1929 Type 2 $20 Note
Charter #5603

 

1908 American National Bank Calendar Pensacola, Florida

1908 American National Bank Calendar
Pensacola, Florida

 

The American National Bank of Pensacola was chartered on October 22,1900 with an opening capital of $200,000. William C. O’Neal was named President accompanied by A.M. Moses serving as cashier. The bank was renamed to the Florida National Bank at Pensacola in 1944 after the Dupont interests acquired the bank.  The team of Malone, Lamar, and Andrews governed the affairs of the bank through the end of the National Currency era.  The Bank has the distinction of being one of only three banks in the state of Florida that had engraved signatures for cashier and president on their Third Charter large size notes.

Citizens and Peoples National Bank of Pensacola (9007)

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Peoples National Bank of Pensacola (Banks First Title) $10 Proof Sheet from the Smithsonian Project

Peoples National Bank of Pensacola (Banks First Title) $10 Proof Sheet from the Smithsonian Project

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1902 Date Back $10 Note Charter #S9007 1902 Date Back $10 Note
Charter #S9007  Signed by J.W. Dorr, cashier and J.S. Reese as president

1902 Plain Back $5 Note Charter #9007

1902 Plain Back $5 Note
Charter #9007  Signed by J.W. Dorr, cashier and J.S. Reese as president

1902 Plain Back $10 Note Charter #9007

1902 Plain Back $10 Note
Charter #9007  Signed by C.A. Meade, Jr. cashier (1928-1933) and J.S. Reese, president

 

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1902 $10 Note Charter #9007 Signed: S.M. Shackleford, Cash. and J.S. Reese, Pres. 1902 Plain Back $10 Note
Charter #9007
Signed: S.M. Shackleford, Cash. (1927 only)  and J.S. Reese, President

 

1929 Type 1 $5 Note Charter #9007

1929 Type 1 $5 Note
Charter #9007 Signed: C.A. Meade, Jr. cashier and J.S. Reese, president

 

1929 Type 1 $10 Note  Charter #9007

1929 Type 1 $10 Note
Charter #9007  Signed: C.A. Meade, Jr. cashier and J.S. Reese, president

1929 Type 2 $5 Note Charter #9007

1929 Type 2 $5 Note
Charter #9007  Signed: J.S. Leonard, cashier and J.S. Reese, president

1929 Type 2 $10 Note Charter #9007

1929 Type 2 $10 Note
Charter #9007  Signed: C.A. Meade, Jr. cashier and J.S. Reese, president

 

On September 6, 1911 the Peoples National Bank and Citizens National Bank merged together creating a new title, Citizens and Peoples National Bank of Pensacola. The banks were side by side since 1908 but remained separate for several years. After the merge J.S. Reese remained President and J.W. Dorr was again named cashier, until 1926.  From 1918 on the bank was located at 215 South Palafox Street.  Reese would remain president throughout the bank note issuing years.

National Bank of Commerce of Pensacola (10535)

 

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1902 Date Back $10 Note Charter #S10535 1902 Date Back $10 Note
Charter #S10535  Signed by E.R. Malone, cashier and R.W. Goodhart, president

1902 Plain Back $5 Note Charter #S10535

1902 Plain Back $5 Note
Charter #S10535

1902 Plain Back $10 Note Charter #S10535

1902 Plain Back $10 Note
Charter #S10535  Signed by: John W. Malone, cashier and R.W. Goodhart, president

 

The National Bank of Commerce of Pensacola was issued a charter on May 5, 1914 and opened with an initial capital of $300,000. R.W. Goodhart was elected as President with the duties of cashier going to E.R. Malone. At the end of July 1917, the bank was liquidated and merged with the American National Bank.

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